The PBS description says:
"This episode of NEW YORK: A DOCUMENTARY FILM turns to the period when greed and wealth fueled an expanding metropolis, even as politics and poverty defined it.
Now the spotlight shines on the growth, glamour and grief of New York during America's giddy postwar "Gilded Age." Exploring the incomparable wealth of the robber barons and the unabashed corruption of political leaders, such as Tammany Hall boss William M. Tweed, the episode examines the era when the expansion of wealth and poverty -- and the schism between them -- built to a crescendo. The program ends as the city itself dramatically expands its boundaries, annexing Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx and Staten Island into a single massive metropolis -- Greater New York"
Please pick up the _Pollock v. Farmers Loan & Trust Co. (1) 157 U.S. 429 (1895). If I can post a PDF of the handout today I will add this to the blog. This is the case that Californian born, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Field used to make a total free hand, or laissez-faire ideology/legal argument to ensure Federal and State Government actions are limited. This was and is an economic freedom argument. The 16th Amendment will change the Constitution and rule of law, but many American's today argue the same economic arguments in our circular flow chart we study in class. We have even looked at Citizen's United Case when we studied Andrew Jackson. You will have to decide what the equal protection clause means to you. Let us know if you have any questions. Take care.