The Second term as President
NOtebooks are due 3/30/17
Please make sure you stay ahead. Grading Period ends March 30th. With all the activities many of you have missed the late due date last Friday for the 13/14 IPNB. The Chapter 15 will be due Thursday, March 30th. The Wayback for next week has been posted all week. There will be four Wayback Wednesdays for ch. 15. Check your agendas to see where you are. We still have many ideas about the American Civil War to discuss. Many who want to walk are trying to get any F changed. Please try to get your work done. Best of luck.
Mary Todd & Abraham Lincoln
Please add these ideas to your notebook:
Civil War historian, SHELBY FOOTE said: "Any understanding of this nation has to be based and I mean really based on the understanding of Civil War. I believe that firmly, it defined us. The revolution did what it did. Our involvement in European wars began with the first World War did what it did, but the Civil War defined us as what we are and it opened us to being what we became — good and bad things.
And it is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th Century, to learn about this enormous catastrophe in the mid-19th Century. It was the crossroads of our being and it was a hell of a crossroads."
We are still working on making this Constitution work after the abolition of slavery and ensure democracy is for all. We get the government we earn and deserve when we work together, maybe. Try to see in the movie what Lincoln does in all his realm: he as President, father, husband, Commander in Chief with his son, Radical Republicans, Conservative Republicans, Democrats, Confederacy Delegation that is coming to have peace talks, his Cabinet disagreeing on Emancipation Proclamation, design the Reconstruction, and the 13th Amendment facilitator. He is dealing with many political characters.
He is truly juggling the entire country and its fate. You may wonder if this story is complete and accurate but it does let you have some ideas why he is thought to be the best President, and Obama seemingly close. There are any interesting connections to the current politics we are seeing today. If you can see this netflix movie with parental approval, it will help you understand why Lincoln's struggle from 1865 is still present. In a way it is our struggle to follow the aspirations of the Declaration of Independence that all are created equal. Today the Gettysburg Address talked to those ideals that we all are to follow. Again please send blog questions. Best wishes.
Was president Lincoln #1?
This film does a great job of showing all the things that Abraham Lincoln was juggling to keep the union and constitution held together. Historian Eric Foner, does critique the film in that it makes it looks as though Lincoln was the sole facilitator of the Congressional Process of changing the Constitution. Lincoln balanced the radical republicans and the conservative republicans. He worked the democrats to decide to abstain or vote yes, or did he? The Confederacy had a delegation to offer something to end the civil war. Lincoln lost his son during the first year of the war and early in his presidency. His wife, Mary Todd Lincoln was dealing with mental issues due to the loss of their son. Then the 13th Amendment was on the table to make the war more important to maintain the union. The Emancipation Proclamation may not have kept slaves free. Also Pennsylvania's Representative Stevens, wife was named was most likely Lydia Smith [she was of mixed or mulatto ethnicity], not Charity Butler. The story was interesting and inspiring.
You may need your Youtube account to see this link on Lincoln.
Please ask your parents if it is okay to see the middle hour we did not see. Good luck.
THe Gettysburg address
Today was St. Patrick's Day and we heard of the Battle of Vicksburg and the Gettysburg Address. We worked again on the Civil War. Please compare with what Lincoln said in 269 words or so to what my GGs last July 4th journal entry stated. These documents are inspiring and interesting to think about. The current politics towards our government are really hard to process when so many Americans no longer like our government, for the people and by the people. Try to read and watch. Take notes and add your learnings to your interactive personal notebook.
Please read and take notes. What are your opinions and thoughts? Add these ideas to your notebook. When Captain Shaw was wounded at Antietam he was told that a proclamation was to be introduced.
Whereas on the 22nd day of September, A.D. 1862, a proclamation
was issued by the President of the United States, containing,
among other things, the following, to wit:
"That on the 1st day of January, A.D. 1863, all persons held as
slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people
whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall
be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the executive
government of the United States, including the military and naval
authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such
persons and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any
of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.
"That the executive will on the 1st day of January aforesaid,
by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any,
in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in
rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State
or the people thereof shall on that day be in good faith
represented in the Congress of the United States by members
chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified
voters of such States shall have participated shall, in the
absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive
evidence that such State and the people thereof are not then
in rebellion against the United States."
Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United
States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-In-Chief
of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed
rebellion against the authority and government of the United States,
and as a fit and necessary war measure for supressing said
rebellion, do, on this 1st day of January, A.D. 1863, and in
accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly proclaimed for the
full period of one hundred days from the first day above mentioned,
order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the
people thereof, respectively, are this day in rebellion against
the United States the following, to wit:
Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana (except the parishes of St. Bernard,
Palquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension,
Assumption, Terrebone, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans,
including the city of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except the
forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the
counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Morthhampton, Elizabeth City, York,
Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and
Portsmouth), and which excepted parts are for the present left
precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.
And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do
order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said
designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall
be, free; and that the Executive Government of the United States,
including the military and naval authorities thereof, will
recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.
And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to
abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence; and
I recommend to them that, in all case when allowed, they labor
faithfully for reasonable wages.
And I further declare and make known that such persons of
suitable condition will be received into the armed service of
the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and
other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.
And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice,
warranted by the Constitution upon military necessity, I invoke
the considerate judgment of mankind and the gracious favor
of Almighty God.
This week we will try to understand the complex process of introducing African-Americans into the ranks of the Army of the Great Republic. Further, the Emancipation Proclamation freed many people who signed up to fight for the Blue. The military of the United States of America will be segregated until the Viet Nam War–which was actually a police action–issues seen in the film are still present today. Even the WWII Tuskegee Airmen had many of the problems that the 54th had. Kareem Abdul–Jabaar, one of the greatest Lakers, wrote a book about his father being a tank commander for General Patton faced a similar situation. The racism that was at the root of American slavery is the issue that Trip and Shaw are talking about "becoming clean". The movie presents many important issues.
Robert Gould Shaw was brought up by a strident abolitionist and Unitarian religious family. While they were well off, it seems that they had raised a son who saw the Union as an entity to save. Ithamer Culbertson, my great-great grandfather, makes an interesting point on his third 4th of July journal entry. He talks about issues about democracy that come up in our movie, ideas Sullivan Ballou mentions in his letter to his wife written just seven days before he gives up all he can give for the United States.
This week you have three choices for the WAYBACK WEDNESDAY; pick one. First, you can choose the 54th Monument. Second, you can choose the last letter that Shaw sent to his wife. Lastly, you can choose a letter from the Harvard archive of all the letters that Colonel Shaw wrote during the Civil War. Below are the links to use, and learn more about the choice you make for the Wayback.
Please make sure you are taking notes and following the guide below. Please write down notes on the events and conversations that you may not be clear about. Further be very careful about the way in which you respond to the dialogue. When you watch shows that have controversial words please be respectful and enlightened. All of this will be added to the Chapter 15 notebook. Please try and make a timeline while watching. Please watch the interactive maps and Fort Wagner link. Ask questions on the blog if you get lost.
From JSTOR it says: "[w]hy is Cinco de Mayo—a holiday commemorating a Mexican victory over the French at Puebla in 1862—so widely celebrated in California and across the United States, when it is scarcely observed in Mexico? As David E. Hayes-Bautista explains, the holiday is not Mexican at all, but rather an American one, created by Latinos in California during the mid-nineteenth century. Hayes-Bautista shows how the meaning of Cinco de Mayo has shifted over time—it embodied immigrant nostalgia in the 1930s, U.S. patriotism during World War II, Chicano Power in the 1960s and 1970s, and commercial intentions in the 1980s and 1990s. Today, it continues to reflect the aspirations of a community that is engaged, empowered, and expanding."
Today ,it is also unfortunate that the day has been called "Cinco de Drink-o" by all kinds of people from many diverse ethnic backgrounds. Historically, it is very important for a myriad of reasons. The American Civil War was the conflict in the United States to end Slavery. For Californios, new citizens of the United States, this was an idea that they had hated being the first to be enslaved group by the Conquistadores. But many citizens in California supported the war effort to end slavery, they agreed spreading slavery was wrong and unjust. It was the culture of Gente de Razón that knew slavery was wrong. About 30,000 Californios lived in California after the Mexican-American War. We learned what happened to Mariano Vallejo, and the changes of our part of the country after the Mexican-American War. We even studied some famous paintings, Old 76, Young 48 and News from Mexico. The Junta raised funds for the United States War effort against the Confederate States.
The original California Constitution was published in English and Spanish because so many groups, that identified themselves as mestizos, ponchos, latinos, and will later take part in patriotic assemblies to raise money for the cause. [Article XI California Constitution]. From the California Secretary of State website, "W.E.P. Hartnell was the official translator for the Convention. Section 21, Article XI of the 1849 Constitution decreed that all laws must be published in Spanish and English. Thus, for its first 30 years, California was a bilingual state. This provision was not included in the 1879 Constitution. The Spanish translation was written on 45 pages of heavy white paper, measuring 7 1/2" x 12". [http://www.sos.ca.gov/archives/collections/constitutions/1849-constitution-facts/www.sos.ca.gov/archives/collections/constitutions/1849-constitution-facts/] Remember the Junta, or assemblies, raised funds for the United States War effort against the Confederate States.
Below is the interview with he author of a book on Cinco De Mayo. I was lucky to see him speak at a UCLA/The Huntington Library Seminar on the West and the Civil War in the summer of 2014. The stories were amazing and connected to so much of American history. The video "Published on Jun 14, 2012 (Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) Why is Cinco de Mayo, a holiday commemorating a Mexican victory over the French at Puebla in 1862, so widely celebrated in California and across the United States, when it is scarcely observed in Mexico? David E. Hayes-Bautista, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture at UCLA, explains the holiday is not Mexican at all, but rather an American one, created by Latinos in California during the mid-nineteenth century". [UC TV] Please add these ideas to our chapter 15 notebook.
Scott's Great Snake
This will become the plan to try and break the southern states and Confederacy into two geographic locations. The idea was to completely control the Mississippi River. This was a way to control all supply lines on the River. The Union was going to break the contagious south so the Union forces can control the troop movements. Please watch the small interactive map of the Civil War troop movements and battles. Please use the textbook on pages 482-483 and add to the Chapter 15 notebook. Remember above is the cartoon and a representation of a military campaign to win against the Confederacy. Please try your best. Remember the Ch.15 notebook is worth 120 points. Good luck. Mr.C.
Philosophie: Salon Center
Everyone of us is living history. We all have a story to tell and the ancestors that came before us that carved a way for us to become a new member of civilization. We also are learning that we are all related genetically and culturally in the family of humanity. All people’s past becomes part of all of us, and will always be completely intertwined with the entire world community.
From time to time we will have some ideas from words that give us wisdom about our world. Writers are some of the most insightful people that understand our modern and ancient world quite well. Feel free to read, think, comment on these ideas. It seems that some of the students would like to debate issues of government, economics, and history. This can be a forum for this idea. Also if you would like to do formal debates in class we need to prepare debate rule and procedures. This can be a start and then we can decide if we will proceed to bring the debates in class on topics we study. Please follow our classroom rules if you decided to write on the blog. Make sure that you ask questions, and be helpful, and mature in all your interactions. This can be a helpful way for you to share what you have learned and what you want to learn, or just share ideas. Also just submit an idea through an email, or web contact, and we can maybe add the idea. Send a picture with the suggestion for the classes. Thank you.
Photos above left to right: The Solon, by Raphael was a depiction of the place where ideas were discussed and debated. Greek democracy in the public sphere. Here is the philosopher Seneca talking to Nero-Claudius Cesar Drusus Germanicus [Roman Emperor 54-68 BCE]- about society,law, politics, ethics and morality. Anthem for the doomed!
Students can also decide to add a topic that can be approved and monitored by Mr.C. Please be responsible and follow the social contract. You can share ideas and questions on your now topics about our class. Friends can help each other study with their devices. Please only students, but fell free to share the forum communications with your family. This can be a source for all students.