"Marbury v. Madison
Background of the Case Shortly before Thomas Jefferson took office, John Adams had appointed William Marbury to be a justice of the peace. Adams had signed Marbury’s commission, but it was never delivered. Marbury sued to force Madison to give him the commission.
The Court’s Ruling
The Court ruled that the law Marbury based his claim on was unconstitutional.
The Court’s Reasoning
The Judiciary Act of 1789 gave the Supreme Court the authority to hear a wide variety of cases, including those like Marbury’s. But the Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not have the power to make such a law. Why? Because the Constitution limits the types of cases the Supreme Court can hear. Thus, the law was in conflict with the Constitution and had to be struck down.
Why It Matters
Marbury v. Madison was important for several reasons. It confirmed the Supreme Court’s power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. By doing so, it established the Court as the final authority on the Constitution. This helped make the judicial branch of government equal to the other two branches. Chief Justice John Marshall and later federal judges would use this power of judicial review as a check on the legislative and executive branches. "
Also there is extra credit on the back side of the Handout from class. Please do not lose the papers; additionally, add them to the Table of Contents of your interactive notebook. Do not forget about the Supreme Court cases that were discussed in Race:The Power of an Illusion. The cases like Ozawa, Thind, Dred Scott, Cherokee cases, Plessy v. Ferguson, and others that changed people's lives forever. Facts presented in court and in everyday life are important, and our role is important that we try our best to tell the truth to seek a just outcome to peoples' unreasonable behavior.